钌子_rawbin

2017-07-08 01:52

Web自动化之Headless Chrome编码实战

本文作者:IMWeb 钌子_rawbin 原文出处:IMWeb社区 未经同意,禁止转载

API 概览 && 编码Tips

文档地址

常用API

  • Network 网络请求、Cookie、缓存、证书等相关内容
  • Page 页面的加载、资源内容、弹层、截图、打印等相关内容
  • DOM 文档DOM的获取、修改、删除、查询等相关内容
  • Runtime JavaScript代码的执行,这里面我们可以搞事情~~

编码Tips

  • 我们这里不会直接调用Websocket相关的内容来调用chrome的调试命令,而是用chrome-remote-interface 这个封装的库来做,它是基于Promise风格的
  • 每一个功能块成为一个单独的domain,像Network,Page,DOM等都是不同的domain
  • 几乎每一个个头大的domain都有enable方法,需要先调用这个方法启用之后再使用
  • 各个domain的接口方法参数都是第一个对象或者说一个Map,不用考虑参数的位置了
  • 各个domain的接口返回值也是一个对象,取对应的key就行
  • 参数值和返回值经常是meta信息,经常是各种对象的id信息,而不是具体的对象内容(这里可能需要切一下风格)

编码实例

首先做一个简单的封装,准备API的执行环境,具体可参考前一篇关于工具库的。

const chromeLauncher = require('chrome-launcher');
const chromeRemoteInterface = require('chrome-remote-interface');

const prepareAPI = (config = {}) => {
    const {host = 'localhost', port = 9222, autoSelectChrome = true, headless = true} = config;
    const wrapperEntry = chromeLauncher.launch({
        host,
        port,
        autoSelectChrome,
        additionalFlags: [
            '--disable-gpu',
            headless ? '--headless' : ''
        ]
    }).then(chromeInstance => {
        const remoteInterface = chromeRemoteInterface(config).then(chromeAPI => chromeAPI).catch(err => {
            throw err;
        });
        return Promise.all([chromeInstance, remoteInterface])
    }).catch(err => {
        throw err
    });

    return wrapperEntry
};

打开百度,获取页面性能数据,参考 Navigation Timing W3C规范

const wrapper = require('the-wrapper-module');

const performanceParser = (perforceTiming) => {
    let timingGather = {};
    perforceTiming = perforceTiming || {};
    timingGather.redirect = perforceTiming.redirectEnd - perforceTiming.redirectEnd-perforceTiming.redirectStart;
    timingGather.dns = perforceTiming.domainLookupEnd - perforceTiming.domainLookupStart;
    timingGather.tcp = perforceTiming.connectEnd - perforceTiming.connectStart;
    timingGather.request = perforceTiming.responseStart - perforceTiming.requestStart;
    timingGather.response = perforceTiming.responseEnd - perforceTiming.responseStart;
    timingGather.domReady = perforceTiming.domContentLoadedEventStart - perforceTiming.navigationStart;
    timingGather.load = perforceTiming.loadEventStart - perforceTiming.navigationStart;
    return timingGather;
};

const showPerformanceInfo = (performanceInfo) => {
    performanceInfo = performanceInfo || {};
    console.log(`页面重定向耗时:${performanceInfo.redirect}`);
    console.log(`DNS查找耗时:${performanceInfo.dns}`);
    console.log(`TCP连接耗时:${performanceInfo.tcp}`);
    console.log(`请求发送耗时:${performanceInfo.request}`);
    console.log(`响应接收耗时:${performanceInfo.response}`);
    console.log(`DOMReady耗时:${performanceInfo.domReady}`);
    console.log(`页面加载耗时:${performanceInfo.load}`);
};

wrapper.prepareAPI().then(([chromeInstance, remoteInterface]) => {
    const {Runtime,Page} = remoteInterface;

    Page.loadEventFired(() => {
        Runtime.evaluate({
            expression:'window.performance.timing.toJSON()',
            returnByValue:true  //不加这个参数,拿到的是一个对象的meta信息,还需要getProperties
        }).then((resultObj) => {
            let {result,exceptionDetails} = resultObj;
            if(!exceptionDetails){
                showPerformanceInfo(performanceParser(result.value))
            }else{
                throw exceptionDetails;
            }
        });
    });

    Page.enable().then(() => {
        Page.navigate({
            url:'http://www.baidu.com'
        })
    });
});

打开百度 搜索Web自动化 headless chrome,并爬取首屏结果链接

const wrapper = require('the-wrapper-module');
//有this的地方写成箭头函数要注意,这里会有问题
const buttonClick = function () {
    this.click();
};

const setInputValue = () => {
    var input = document.getElementById('kw');
    input.value = 'Web自动化 headless chrome';
};

const parseSearchResult = () => {
    let resultList = [];
    const linkBlocks = document.querySelectorAll('div.result.c-container');
    for (let block of Array.from(linkBlocks)) {
        let targetObj = block.querySelector('h3');
        resultList.push({
            title: targetObj.textContent,
            link: targetObj.querySelector('a').getAttribute('href')
        });
    }
    return resultList;
};


wrapper.prepareAPI({
    // headless: false  //加上这行代码可以查看浏览器的变化
}).then(([chromeInstance, remoteInterface]) => {
    const {Runtime, DOM, Page, Network} = remoteInterface;
    let framePointer;
    Promise.all([Page.enable(), Network.enable(), DOM.enable(),Page.setAutoAttachToCreatedPages({autoAttach:true})]).then(() => {
        Page.domContentEventFired(() => {
            console.log('Page.domContentEventFired')
            Runtime.evaluate({
                expression:`.href`,
                returnByValue:true
            }).then(result => {
                console.log(result)
            })
        });
        Page.frameNavigated(() => {
            console.log('Page.frameNavigated')
            Runtime.evaluate({
                expression:`.href`,
                returnByValue:true
            }).then(result => {
                console.log(result)
            })
        })
        Page.loadEventFired(() => {
            console.log('Page.loadEventFired')
            Runtime.evaluate({
                expression:`.href`,
                returnByValue:true
            }).then(result => {
                console.log(result)
            })
            DOM.getDocument().then(({root}) => {
                //百度首页表单
                DOM.querySelector({
                    nodeId: root.nodeId,
                    selector: '#form'
                }).then(({nodeId}) => {
                    Promise.all([
                        //找到 搜索框填入值
                        DOM.querySelector({
                            nodeId: nodeId,
                            selector: '#kw'
                        }).then((inputNode) => {

                            Runtime.evaluate({
                                // 两种写法
                                // expression:'document.getElementById("kw").value = "Web自动化 headless chrome"',
                                expression: `(${setInputValue})()`
                            });


                            //这段代码不起作用 日狗
                            // DOM.setNodeValue({
                            //     nodeId:inputNode.nodeId,
                            //     value:'Web自动化 headless chrome'
                            // });

                            //上面的代码需求要这么写
                            // DOM.setAttributeValue({
                            //     nodeId:inputNode.nodeId,
                            //     name:'value',
                            //     value:'headless chrome'
                            // });
                        })
                        //找到 提交按钮setInputValue
                        , DOM.querySelector({
                            nodeId,
                            selector: '#su'
                        })
                    ]).then(([inputNode, buttonNode]) => {

                        Runtime.evaluate({
                            expression: 'document.getElementById("kw").value',
                        }).then(({result}) => {
                            console.log(result)
                        });

                        return DOM.resolveNode({
                            nodeId: buttonNode.nodeId
                        }).then(({object}) => {
                            const {objectId} = object;
                            return Runtime.callFunctionOn({
                                objectId,
                                functionDeclaration: `${buttonClick}`
                            })
                        });
                    }).then(() => {
                        setTimeout(() => {
                            Runtime.evaluate({
                                expression: `(${parseSearchResult})()`,
                                returnByValue: true
                            }).then(({result}) => {
                                console.log(result.value)
                                //百度的URL有加密,需要再请求一次拿到真实URL
                            })
                        },3e3)
                    });
                })

            });
        });
        Page.navigate({
            url: 'http://www.baidu.com'
        }).then((frameObj) => {
            framePointer = frameObj
        });
    })

});
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